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For many investors, hedge funds appear to be shrouded in mystery.

Theres a practical reason for this. The best hedge funds are extremely careful about protecting their ideas and tactics, because they provide an important competitive advantage for making profits. An example that illustrates the paranoia around this was described inFlash Boysby Michael Lewis, where he noted that at the ultra-secretive firm Citadel, it took five ID card swipes for an employee to simply start her day.

Theres also a psychological reason for the secrecy which is that hedge funds want to appear incredibly complex and sophisticated, so that accredited investors will part with their money in order to get exposure to them. While hedge fund tactics are often intricate and extremely lucrative, understanding how they work is not as impenetrable as it may seem.

Todays infographic comes to use fromStocksToTrade, and it captures 48 terms that can serve as an entry point for any investor into the mysterious world of hedge funds.

It covers essential ideas around how hedge funds make their bets, such as: arbitrage, hedging, pairs trading, alpha, and beta. The infographic also looks at hedge fund terms around measuring performance and risk, as well as words that describe fee structures and payouts.

Interestingly enough, we live during a time when modern technology has also allowed retail investors more access to these types of tactics than ever before. Take a look at this infographic onalternative investments, which gives examples of ETFs and mutual funds that mimic traditional hedge fund strategies such as long/short equity, merger arbitrage, or managed futures.

Want to learn more about how hedge funds work?

This post onWallStreetMojooutlines nine popular hedge fund strategies, or check out our favorite book on global macro investing:Inside the House of Moneyby Steven Drobny.

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Youre likely familiar with companies like Uber, Airbnb, and Craigslist, but here are 100+ other apps that help make the gig economy possible.

Go back in time a decade, and youd have a tough time convincing anyone that they would be employed through an app on their phone.

And yet, in a short period of time, the emergence of the smartphone has enabled the gig economy to flourish into a multi-trillion dollar global market. And by leveraging apps like Uber, Airbnb, and Etsy, its estimated that57 million peoplein the U.S. now participate in the gig economy each year in some shape or form.

What apps do these people use to turn their time, skills, hobbies, or assets (cars, home, parking spaces, etc.) into additional income streams?

Todays infographic comes to us fromTitleMax, and it lists 150 different apps that are used within the gig economy including many that pay gig workers directly.

Here are just some of the apps that are used in some of the major categories above:

Uber and Lyft are what many think of when they hear about the gig economy. However, there are now dozens of rideshare apps out there to fill different niches for example, Wingz offers flat-fee rides to the airport, while Curb connects riders with professional taxi drivers.

TaskRabbit, which was bought by IKEA, turns errands such as assembling furniture or cleaning a gutter into payable gigs. Meanwhile, apps like Dolly and Bellhops will connect you with movers, and LawnLove is for lawn care.

Etsy, a marketplace for handmade goods, is one the of the best known brands in this category. However, there are many other niche options here as well for example, UncommonGoods specializes in unique gifts, while Society6 focuses on gallery quality art prints.

Lulu and Kindle Direct allow you to publish eBooks online and sell them, while proofreaders and editors can get paid for their copy editing services through Gramlee.

Fast and efficient delivery services are a centerpiece to the gig economy, and there are no shortage of options here. DoorDash, UberEats, Caviar, and GrubHub allow users to get food delivered to their doors, while apps like Instacart focus on grocery delivery.

We all know that you can create videos and monetize them on places like YouTube or Twitch, but did you know you can be a voice actor through services like VoiceBunny? You can also sell rights to your photos via Foap, or do freelancing work through Upwork or Fiverr.

Whether you are tapping into the gig economy for an extra income stream or you are incorporating gig economy services into your life for added convenience, there is no shortage of options to choose from.

This fascinating animation charts the revenue of some big movie franchises. Watch blockbusters like Marvel shoot up the rankings over time.

From Iron Man to Luke Skywalker, viewers love watching their favorite heroes triumph over evil time and time again. These successful movie franchises have won our hearts, and padded film studios wallets in the process.

Todays animation comes from Reddit user/u/rebellious_scumand it charts North American box office sales for select movie franchises, as reported by movie data website The Numbers. The daily ticket earnings were captured from May 19, 1999 (release date ofStar Wars: Episode I) to April 4, 2019 and adjusted for inflation.

The clear takeaway from the animation is Marvels exponential earnings growth since it debuted withIron Manin 2008.

As of April 4, the franchise had earned inflation-adjusted revenue of $7.63 billion almost double that of runner-up Star Wars, which totaled $4.03 billion. Of course, this does not take into account data from therecord-shatteringrelease ofAvengers: Endgameon April 26th, which would skew numbers in Marvels favor even more.

While these numbers sound impressive, whats the average revenue each movie has generated in North America?

Using the animations inflation-adjusted numbers, heres how it all breaks down:

Star Wars and Middle Earth top the list in terms of average revenue per movie. Meanwhile, Marvel lands in third place and is closely followed by Pirates of the Caribbean, the Wizarding World, and the DC Extended Universe (DCEU).

Compared to direct competitor DCEU, Marvel earns roughly $30 million more per movie.

The secret, in part, to Marvels astronomical surge?

They produce movies at breakneck speed. The studio knows it has a winning recipe, and cooks up movies quickly to stay fresh in viewers minds.

In twelve years, Marvel Studios has produced 22 movies includingAvengers: Endgame. By comparison, the giant James Bond franchise has produced 24 movies since its inception 57 years ago in 1962.

With Disneysrecent purchase of Fox, the ownership of movie franchises became even more concentrated.

Today, Hollywood essentially has three parent companies: The Walt Disney Company, Universal/Comcast Corp., and WarnerMedia (previously TimeWarner).

Sources: Business Insider, Forbes, Fortune, The Tolkien Society

Disney is a major player in the franchise space, and shows no signs of slowing down. There are even talks that the company islooking to rebootthe Pirates of the Caribbean franchise.

In an industry full of risk, studios are looking to capitalize on a winning franchise formula: build a trusted brand with beloved characters, and produce movies as fast as time will allow.

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