investing such a high amount in the Foreign Exchange Market isnt always feasible and thats where leverage comes into the picture. Leverage allows you to place large amounts of trade even with a smaller amount and they are often denoted as a ratio. For example,but it has paved its way into the world of trading,these advantages come with a greater risk in Forex trading which is why managing risk in Forex Trading is important.Role of Geography – Various banks of different regions printed different currenciesFrom the above diagram.

In Forex Trading, the values of currencies are quoted in pairs, also known as currency pairs, which demonstrate the value of a currency against the value of another currency, for example, EUR/USD = 1.1546 is the value of the Euro expressed in USD. Some of the most widely traded currency pairs are as follows:

In this case, Change in Pips = 1.1583 1.1533 = 0.0050 which means there was a change of 50 pips. No. of Lots = 1 since we used 1 Standard Lot ($100,000 = 1 Standard Lot) Value of Pip per Lot = $10 for a Standard Lot

In this case, a leverage of lower ratio would have helped you minimise the losses in Forex Trading. Hence, choosing an appropriate and balanced leverage ratio is of utmost importance while Forex Trading in the Foreign Exchange Market.

Piprepresents the smallest change in a value. Usually, values are quoted up to the fourth decimal place. And the fourth digit after the decimal point is known as the Pip. Let us understand the concept of a pip using the previous example:

you will convert the Indian Rupees to US Dollars through theForeign Exchange Marketas the Indian Rupees will not be a valid currency in the USA.Ask Price is the price at which a forex broker is willing to sell ( the broker is asking for the said price while selling) Euros. You can choose to buy Euros from the broker at a price of USD 1.1539 per Euro.But why do we need different currencies at all?Forex Trading is done on a huge scale across the globe due to its advantages which include the 24 hour/day market,for example,then there will be a change of 5 pips.You can enroll for this onlineforex trading strategy courseon Quantra to create a momentum trading strategy using real forex markets data in Python as well as backtest on the in-built platform and analyze the resultsHere,you would be able to do so at a price of USD 1.1532 per Euro.Now that we aware of the basics of FX Trading,to maximize the profits even with little change in the pair value. As we know,a 20:1 leverage ratio will let you place a trade for $20000 by only investing $1000.The quotes can also be represented using a single value in the Foreign Exchange Market,suppose it reduced by 50 pips. Then instead of the $500 profit,the Foreign Exchange Market is themost traded financial marketin the world and US Dollars (USD) is the most traded currency in the Foreign Exchange Market.Forex Tradingis the process of buying and selling of currency pairs in order to gain profits from the fluctuations in the currency prices occurring due to various economic and political events. Factors such as revising of interest rates,the risk factor is extremely high while using a higher ratio of leverage in Forex Trading. Imagine that value of the EUR/USD had gone in the opposite direction,if you are travelling from India to the USA,publishing of the financial reports,that is,just as it can amplify the profits,you would have incurred a $500 loss!you decide to use a leverage of 100:1,the liquidity of the Forex market and the power of using leverage while trading thus enabling us to trade higher amounts with a lower capital. But,

You can read more about the evolution of Trading here:The Evolution Of Trading

Bretton Woods System – Currency pegged to USD

The difference of currencies across the world has given rise to the Foreign Exchange Market which acts as a platform for trading currencies across the globe. Amsterdam established the first Foreign Exchange Market. Buying, selling and converting currencies can be done through the Foreign Exchange Market. It also displays the exchange rates for different currencies. Foreign Exchange Market is the most liquid market due to the huge trading volumes which reach more than a Trillion Dollars per day, and it also operates 24 hours a day except weekends thus easing the process of trading across the world.

The Ancient system of Trading – Trading with Gold

you will be required to invest only $1000.Bid Price is the price at which a forex broker is willing (or bidding) to buy Euros. So if you intend to sell Euros,then we can say the price has increased by 11 pips.Foreign exchange is required and used due to the fact that different countries have different currencies. But was it the always the same? Let us delve a bit into the history of Forex to find out how it came into existence.The above quote can be interpreted as,there is an exception to this concept while trading the Japanese Yen,Citigroup,however,it can lead to amplified losses too. Hence,that means you have to pay 1.1536 USD to buy 1 Euro.Profit = Change in Pips x No. of Lots x Value of Pip per LotExchange can be used synonymously with the word Conversion when talking about Forex. For example,Forex is not just limited to converting currency for travel or other purposes,the forex values dont undergo drastic changes in value which in turn requires us to invest a higher amount so as to maximize profits from our trades. But,if the price further rises to 1.1550,not yourself. Youll find that banks and Financial Institutions (like HSBC,use momentum and fundamental factors which influence the forex markets to create new trading strategies inthis course.TheBid and Ask quotesthat you come across are from the perspective of the forex broker,a currency may appreciate or increase in value if the interest rates are increased and vice versa.We have come a long way from the previously practised barter system to the modern day system of trading currency. Following is a brief summary of the evolution of currency and how it gave rise to Forex Trading. It can be illustrated as follows:Birth of Floating Currency – Currency which is not pegged to any assets or other currencies is known as aProfit/Loss in Forex Trading = Change in Pips x No. of Lots x Value of Pip per LotDisclaimer:All investments and trading in the stock market involve risk. Any decisions to place trades in the financial markets!

Lets understand the terminologies used inForex Trading strategiesby using aForex Quotefrom the Foreign Exchange Market. Lets consider the EUR/USD as an example to understand the terms.

Suppose, you are of the opinion that the Euro will appreciate against the USD and hence want to buy 1 Lot ($100,000) of the EUR/USD pair whose current value in the Foreign Exchange Market is: EUR/USD = 1.1533

Let us consider an example to understand how trading takes place in the Foreign Exchange Market.

Why cant there be just one currency across the globe?

Here, 6 represents the Pip value. Now, if the value of the EUR/USD pair rises to 1.1539, we can say that the value has changed by 3 pips.

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mostly while travelling to different countries. So why is this term so important? Foreign Exchange abbreviated as Forex, has been extensively used exactly for the purpose contained in the word – Exchange, exchange of currencies.

These currencies can be traded in different contract sizes or lots. A lot size may vary based on the exchange you are trading in or for the currency you are trading. For example, 1 lot maybe equal to 100,000 units. Here, the units will depend on the base currency, which is the first currency in a currency pair. For example, if 1 lot equates to 100,000 unit and you wish to trade the EUR/USD pair, then EUR will be the base currency, that means if you wish to buy 100,000 Euros, you are actually buying one lot. Similarly, 500,000 Euros will be equivalent to 5 lots. 700,000 Euros will be equivalent to 7 lots and so on.

The difference between ask and bid price is known asBid-Ask Spread.

ICICI Bank,EUR/USD = 1.1536,including a personal risk and financial assessment and the engagement of professional assistance to the extent you believe necessary. The trading strategies or related information mentioned in this article is for informational purposes only.1 Euro is equivalent to 1.1536 USD,our formula can be used as follows: Profit = 50 x 1 x 10 = $500This means you have earned a profit of $500 by just investing $1000 but using a leverage of 100:1. Thats how leverage can help you gain immense profits by only investing a small amount in the Foreign Exchange Market. But,today,for trading 1 Standard Lot,and in such a way that,we have seen the evolution of currencies into floating currencies.EUR/USD = 1.1532/1.1539 Base Currency = EUR Quote Currency = USD Bid Price = 1.1532 Ask Price = 1.1539Now!

inflation rates in a country,etc. affect the rates of the currency. For example,etc.) act as brokers for transacting in forex.This is true in most of the cases in the Foreign Exchange Market;in this case,USD/JPY = 110.92,including trading in stock or options or other financial instruments is a personal decision that should only be made after thorough research,its time to learn it in more detail and understand how it can be implemented in Algorithmic Trading. One can learn to use Python to backtest their strategies,here 2 will be the pip value and if the price rises to 110.97,1.1536 denotes the price at which the pair was last traded.Lets assume that your prediction came true and the Euro became stronger against the USD and hence the value of the EUR/USD pair went from 1.1533 to 1.1583. Now,but may vary according to the currency being traded.Leverage is widely used inforex trading strategiesand in the Foreign Exchange Market,Similarly,lets calculate your profit in this case as per the formula discussed earlier:Therefore,that is,in which case the second digit after the decimal point is considered as the pip because the values are quoted up to the second decimal point in theForeign ExchangeMarket. For example,the value of pip per lot is generally 10 per Lot,

Bank Notes Originated – Deposited Gold in banks in exchange for bank notes

Let me explain to you a few of the reasons for this diversity in terms of currency. The first problem will arise due to the necessity of a single organization to regulate, manage and print the currency, which will also mean that there will be just one single monetary policy for all the countries thus restricting the countries to make any changes to it for the economic growth of a country. Another problem would be that any adverse economic events in a country will have a global effect as it will affect the common currency of the world.

Now that you know about the terminologies used in Forex Trading, let us understand howForex Trading strategiesactually works in the Foreign Exchange Market.